What Is Bauhaus
The Bauhaus was a school which operated in Germany between 1919 and 1933 and was devoted to art, architecture and design. It had remarkable influences on all these disciplines. Although throughout it’s years it carried varied approaches, some ideas were maintained. One main principle is the reunion of the arts and the crafts in order to achieve total works of art. According to this principle, all arts, as well as new technologies, should be combined in the art of building.
A significant approach in the school was the search for the basic ingredients of art and design. Thus evolved the “Bauhaus Style” in architecture and design—in which primary forms and colors are given great importance.
The Bauhaus had a great impact on the Modern Movement in architecture, embracing functionalism and rationality and condemning ornament. The architectural style of the modern movement is called “The International Style” or “Bauhaus Style”. This style is characterized by asymmetry, compositions of primary volumes—cubic and rounded, ribbon windows, pilots, thermometer windows, balconies, roof terraces and plays of shadow and light.
Bauhaus in Israel
Four Israeli architects studied in the Bauhaus school: Arieh Sharon, Shmuel Mestechkin, Munio Gitai-Weinraub and Shlomo Bernstein. However, the influence of the Bauhaus on the architecture built in Israel in the 20’s, 30’s and 40’s was by far wider than being expressed by those architects only. The legacy of the Bauhaus was absorbed by other architects, studying in Brussels, Ghent and Italy, such as: Dov Carmi, Genia Averbuch, Ben-Ami Shulman, Ze’ev Rechter and Joseph Neufeld. And of course—all of those prominent figures presented the new ideas to just everyone who was around.
In Tel Aviv only, more than 4,000 “Bauhaus Style” buildings were built. Thousands more were built in Haifa, Jerusalem, the Kibbutzim and elsewhere in Israel. The main question is, therfore—how, in an era when this new style was still unpopular, did it reach such magnitude in the built work in Israel? The main answer is that the social-cultural ideology behind the “Bauhaus Style” fit like a glove to the socialist-Zionist movement and to the striving of this movement to create a new world. White houses, in every sense—form, style, material, functionality, color—grew from the sands without a past, towards a future.
About the center
Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv was established in 2000 by Dr. Asher Ben-Shmuel, Shlomit Gross and Dr. Micha Gross. Its goal is to expand public recognition of the “White City” as a unique architectural and cultural site. To achieve this, the center holds a gallery with a permanent collection and changing exhibitions, conducts tours of the city and is a publishing dedicated to the subject. The center cooperates with the Israeli Committee for UNESCO and the municipality of Tel Aviv-Yafo as well as with various institutions, museums and galleries.
The best way to understand the virtues of Tel Aviv’s unparalleled architecture and urban landscape is through a concise guided tour. The center, together with the Israeli National Committee for UNESCO, offers the most professional tours, given by expert guides. Over 15,000 people have taken our tours over the last 10 years! Our tours are offered at various times and numerous languages and are continuously fully booked. If you want to stay spontaneous or can’t make it for one of our guided tours, we provide audio guides in various languages and accompanied by videos and maps. Learn more...
Every Friday at 10:00 starting at the center
Our center includes a gallery hosting changing exhibitions about Bauhaus architecture and design, the city of Tel Aviv and contemporary art, design and architecture. Learn more...
Carmel: International Style in Haifa
Photography by: Stephanie Kloss
It is largely unknown today that a remarkable variety of buildings in the modernist International Style were constructed in the 1930s and 40s on the slopes of Mount Carmel in Haifa. Stephanie Kloss’s highly aesthetic photographs do not claim to be a complete survey and documentation, but show the buildings in their sculptural language, which embodies the optimistic mood of the era and defies the signs of the times. Learn more...
November - December 2014
The center’s shop includes a bookstore and a designers boutique. The bookstore focuses on Bauhaus history and legacy, the city of Tel Aviv, design and architecture. The boutique offers original Bauhaus items as well as contemporary Israeli design. If you are not visiting Tel Aviv in the near future, some of the items are offered in our online store.
Our center in also a publishing house in its areas of expertise: Bauhaus, Tel Aviv, architecture and design. Please take a look at the books published by us in our online store. If you are an author in these fields or a book distributor, please email us and we shall respond shortly.